What Is Albinism?

Albinism is a genetic condition which is characterized by the lack of pigmentation in the skin, eyes and hair, to varying degrees. There are various types of albinism with the common two types being:

1. Oculocutaneous Albinism; People with ‘Oculocutaneous Albinism’ often also have a called condition called ‘nystagmus’ which results in an abnormal flickering eye movements and sensitivity to bright light.

2. Ocular Albinism; The second most common type of albinism is ‘ocular albinism’ which only affects the eyes with the skin and hair remaining unaffected.

Oculocutaneous albinism is a rare condition in the United States, Europe and the rest of the world, the condition is estimated to affect 5 people per every 100 000 in the USA (//medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/albinism). However in Sub-Sahara Africa the rate is much higher. In Zimbabwe it is estimated that 1 in every 4 000 people has the condition. Tanzania is said to have the highest rates in Africa and in the world with 1 in every 1 429 having the condition.